Xonaxi painted portrait. Copyright 2015 Miguel Omaña.

Xonaxi, Zapotec great mother.

Zapotec mother goddess Xonaxi. Oil on wood. 9 x 11.

Portrait I painted of the great Zapotec mother Goddess, Xonaxi. She created — alongside with her husband Cosana — the Earth, the Sun, and mankind.

These manifestations of reality, understood by Western minds as gods and goddesses, were actually the way Ancient Mexicans summed up nature’s phenomena. That is why there was no word for god or goddess in indigenous languages like Zapotec or Nahuatl, but only used for scholarly purposes.

She is considered protector of humans, for we are their sons. Not only Zapotec culture, but many other had and still have this concept of the mother goddess.

As an overseer of fertility, Xonaxi personifies human being’s life cycles. Xonaxi wears the Milky Way galaxy Zapotec glyph as her symbol (below her necklace). A macaw, another of her symbol, is in her headress.


If you like Ancient Mexican history and beliefs, you my enjoy my novel Till Stars Shut Their Eyes.


For custom portraits and art, please contact me.


Xonaxi painted portrait. Copyright 2015 Miguel Omaña. Xonaxi painted portrait. Copyright 2015 Miguel Omaña.

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