Siyaj K'ak' invading Maya lands. Copyright 2009 Miguel Omaña.

Teotihuacan invasion on Maya lands.

Text and painting by Miguel Omaña.

The Journey of Siyaj K’ak’. Acrylic on paper.

Painting I did years ago, depicting the scenery with abundant foliage of the Maya jungle lands. The setting — the invasion of the Teotihuacan army led by General Siyaj K’ak’ in the year 378 througout the Mayan territories in order to invade and conquer the city of Tikal, the great Maya superpower.

Siyaj K’ak’ was sent to conquer Tikal, one of the two Maya superpowers.

From the city of Teotihuacan in Central Mexico departed a huge army led by General Siyaj K’ak’, whose name survives only in Maya language, meaning Fire-Born or Fire is born (Yes, names in each native culture were unique, just as Sitting Bull with US native Americans or Descending Eagle the last Mexica Aztec ruler). He was sent on an important mission by the Teotihuacan High Ruler Spearthrower Owl to conquer the Maya city of Tikal (in modern Guatemala) — one of the two superpowers in what is now Central America — and to install a new order at the region.

Siyaj K’ak’ led the Teotihuacan army.

General Siyaj K’ak’ took the army all the way from Teotihuacan in today’s northeastern Mexico City metro area south bound to the state of Chiapas. Guided by the San Pedro Martir river he entered what today is northern Guatemala in January of 378. Records at El Peru site signal his passing at that location.

In Saturday January 14, 378 Teotihuacan conquered Tikal in what is today Central America.

He arrived to the city of Tikal with a swift military attack, making it possible for the Teotihuacan army to take over the region rather quickly. Various battles may have happened, but the Battle of Uaxactun stands as the final victory of Teotihuacan over the Maya of Tikal during Saturday January 14, 378 — correlation 584283 for 11 Eb 15 Mak (correlation info is technical data to pinpoint a date between two different calendar systems, so don’t worry, if you’re a lay man just bear in mind it exists and is helpful). General Siyaj K’ak’ executed the Ajaw (ruler) of Tikal, Chak Tok Ich’aak I, the same day. Although Siyaj K’ak’ became the de facto ruler at Tikal, he sticked to the mission his High Ruler Spearthrower Owl of Teotihuacan sent him for — to install a new government at Tikal by crowning the High Ruler’s son as Ajaw of Tikal Yax Nuun Ayiin I. The Teotihuacan youngster rose up as Ajaw of Tikal in Tuesday September 11, 379, the day a New Order was installed in Central America that would endure a thousand years. Thus, the powerful Maya nation of Tikal would be within the rule of the Teotihuacan Domain.

Director George Lucas got his idea for his Star Wars franchise from the “mexicanized” Maya wars.

Due to this famous war by Teotihuacan General siyaj K’ak’, the Maya adapted his kind of warfare and conquest into their political schemes, bringing Star Wars (yes, that’s where George Lucas got the idea for the movie franchise) into their culture. The original Star Wars or Tlaloc-Venus Wars were planned wars according to planetary alignments in the sky or which commemorated with a sacred date. The late Linda Schele aptly calls it in her books as the “Mexicanization” of the Maya world.

For more information on the Maya, please read any of Linda Schele’s books. Not only she was an amazing scholar, but imprinted her personal touch to her published research by including novel-style stories.

Siyaj K'ak' invading Maya lands. Copyright 2009 Miguel Omaña. Siyaj K’ak’ invading Maya lands. Copyright 2009 Miguel Omaña.


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