Photo and text: Miguel Omaña.
A spectacle to the eyes that rivals any of the famed cities of yesteryear.
The great Chichen Itza city had a beautiful blend of artistic and architecture influences at its facades and metropolitan structures. One such example where the high directive of Chichen Itza’s ahauob of assimilating the culture of vanquished people at war, is this building today dubbed as of “The Nuns”. It is an architectonic complex where Puuc style is fused, with a pinch of Chenes style. A work surrounded by an obvious Toltec influenced city, plus the effort to keep Classical Maya writing, and the native architecture, brings a spectacle to the eyes. A spectacle that rivals any of the famed cities of yesteryear, and those of today. Even when its most famous creation is the worldwide famous pyramid, the buildings and palaces that surround it are equally gorgeous, and even more daring if judged with an artistic view.
In this building we can observe its intricate art that easily rivals with baroque expressions of our New World (Europe), or Islamic sacred art. Each bar, each circle, ends up being part of a bigger image. In this case, we see Chaac faces, the rain itself.
Above the door we can observe an image of a seated person, as if vigilantly watching (or checking) of who enters or walks in front of the entrance. It is General Sun Disc (also named Captain Sun Disc). An enigmatic person that in memorial times went to great battles accompanied by his Serpent Generals. Many of these battles were immortalized at murals, where Captain Sun Disc was painted leading the military takeover of cities south of Chichen Itza. A figure so militarized, that even when he may have been a revered Chichen Itza ancestor, his rank was remembered and went on with his own name. Just like the Caesars were called in honor of Julius Caesar, or the Quetzalcoatl pontiffs in the same manner. Maybe this building was constructed by Chichen Itza government to house the Captain Sun Disc in turn. And even when such a rank was in the military highly venerable, it must have fallen at some point to one of the ahauob who ruled Chichen Itza.
Inside of such luxurious building maya writing is found, revealing history data of the great capital of the Itzaes. In those glyphs were recorded, for readers of the future, who was the mother of Kakupacal Kauil (whose name was Lady Kayam Kuk), and who was his maternal grandmother (called Lady Ton Ajaw), y the big importance of both women celebrated in their times. Could we deduce that maybe the great Kakupacal Kauil lived in this palace complex? Or that maybe Kakupacal Kauil, besides being part of the ajauob who ruled Chichen Itza, he also excelled in war as to become a Captain Sun Disc?
Almost a thousand years later Chichen Itza still impresses, ourselves and abroad.
Chichen Itza, the city that got to put in check a world, with its modern politics, its unstoppable army, and commercial connections. Politics that talk of a nation ruled by more than one, instead of a sole person (be a military, divine, inherited, or by merit). An unstoppable army, that when rivaled, it did not hesitate to crush great and ancient domains. But who after stomping enemy governments, it absorbed its people and their culture for the glory of Chichen Itza. And the great commercial links that made it easier for the exchange of ideas through their impressive roads that rose above normal terrain. It was natural that its capital was to be beautiful, and its science exalted to our times of interplanetary travels and smartphones. Almost a thousand years later Chichen Itza still impresses, ourselves and abroad.